The infant diarrhea It is a disease characterized by an increase in the number of times the child evacuates and by a decrease in the consistency of the evacuations. Stools can be soft, liquid, or semi-liquid. During the duration of childhood diarrhea, the child may have a fever or vomiting and this is due to the intestine is irritated.
This irritation causes food to circulate quickly and water cannot be absorbed well from food. That is why stools look like this and there is a risk of dehydration.
In babies, infant diarrhea can appear due to the introduction of new foods in their diet, some medicine or due to stomach flu. While in children, infant diarrhea It can be associated with diet, stress, excessive fiber intake, certain medicines or gastroenteritis.
Infant diarrhea that affects children between 1 and 3 years old have a fever of 38 ºC or higher, vomiting, loose stools in which food is distinguished, or intermittent diarrhea, without fever, but prolonged in time.
In older children, childhood diarrhea can last for several days with fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain, and they may have both diarrhea and constipation.
During the treatment of diarrhea it is essential that the baby or child does not consume foods that contain sugars, fats or that are flatulent.
The danger of diarrhea is the dehydration of the child, so it is necessary to drink fluids and monitor their appearance. If the baby is a breastfed infant, it is advisable not to suspend breast milk and give the child oral serum every half hour.
Must go to the pediatrician if the child has abdominal pain for more than 3 hours, if vomiting persists for 12 hours in children or for 6 hours in babies, if the diarrhea is prolonged in time or if he urinates often.
It is also important to observe if infant diarrhea is due to a reaction to a food, is related to an allergy or intolerance. In addition, the pediatrician will put the appropriate rehydration treatment in case of crying without tears, weight loss and extreme thirst.
In general, it is recommended to continue supplying food normally. Previously, it was recommended as a treatment to rest the intestines, but current theory suggests that you continue with the feeding, with a soft diet for example, since this way the diarrhea will be easier to treat.
Most children can replenish nutrients that they lose through diarrhea if they increase the amount of food and drink ingested.
1. Many children develop mild and temporary lactose intolerance. Continuing with dairy products can prolong diarrhea.
2. Normal appetite is often the last behavior to normalize after illness and children should be given the opportunity to resume their normal eating habits without haste. There is no specific diet to combat diarrhea, but children tend to tolerate soft foods better when their intestines are irritated.
3. Drinking fluids is very important, because a child with diarrhea becomes easily dehydrated. Dehydration is a serious condition in infants and children that leads to loss of brain cells, and children can replenish fluids (rehydrate) by drinking.
4. When dehydration is severe it will be necessary to administer fluids intravenously. Fluids administered intravenously. they also correct dehydration faster.
5. Diarrhea caused by antibiotics can be reduced by giving the child yogurt with live active lactobacilli or bifidus. If diarrhea persists, ask your doctor about the possible change or suspension of the antibiotic. Antibiotic treatment should not be suspended without consulting the child's pediatrician to avoid creating undesirable resistance to antibiotics.
The baby or child should be taken to the doctor when there is suspicion that they are dehydrated, in the following cases:
- The diarrhea is severe or lasts more than 2 or 3 days.
- Diarrhea contains blood or mucus.
- Diarrhea recurs over and over again or the child is losing weight.
- The child shows signs of dehydration (call immediately).
- Diarrhea is accompanied by multiple episodes of vomiting, fever, or abdominal cramps.
Over-the-counter antidiarrheal medications can be ineffective or potentially dangerous. Consult your doctor before using over-the-counter antidiarrheals.
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